Anxiety-Panic History

(1) Fleet RP. Dupuis G. Marchand A. Burelle D. Arsenault A. Beitman BD. "Panic Disorder in Emergency Department Chest Pain Patients: Prevalence, Comorbidity, Suicidal Ideation, and Physician Recognition," American Journal of Medicine. 101(4):371-80, 1996 Oct.

(2) Pollack MH. Otto MW. Sabatino S. Majcher D. Worthington JJ. McArdle ET. Rosenbaum JF. "Relationship of Childhood Anxiety to Adult Panic Disorder: Correlates and Influence on Course," American Journal of Psychiatry. 153(3):376-81, 1996 Mar.

(3) "The Epidemiology of Mental Illness," Medical Sciences Bulletin, 1994 Feb, published by Pharmaceutical Information Associates, Ltd.

(4) Redmond D, Huang Y. "Current Concepts, II: New Evidence for a Locus Ceruleus-Norepinephrine Connection with Anxiety," Life Sci. 1979;25:2149-2162.

(5) Eaton WW, Kessler, RC, Wittchen HU, Magee WJ, Katon et al. "Panic Disorder in the United States," American Journal of Psychiatry, 1994;151:413-420.

(6) Klerman GL, Weissman MM, Oullette R, Johnson J, Greenwald S, "Panic Attacks in the Community: Social Morbidity and Health Care Utilization," JAMA. 1991;265:742-746.

(7) Vollrath M, Angst J. "Outcome of Panic and Depression in a Seven-year Follow-up: Results of the Zurich Study," Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1989;80:591-596.

(8) Weissman MM, Klerman GL, Markowitz JS, Ouellette R. "Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts in Panic Disorder and Attacks," New England Journal of Medicine, 1989; 321:1209-1214.

(9) Gorman, "Treatment of Panic Disorder"

(10) Ronald F. Borne, Ph.D., "Serotonin: The Neurotransmitter for the '90s," Drug Topics, October 10, 1994.

(11) "Treatment of Panic Disorder," NIH Consensus Statement Online 1991 Sep. 25-27;9(2):1-24.

(12) Wong D.T., Bymaster F.P., Engleman E.A., "Prozac (fluoxetine, Lilly 110140), The First Selective Serotonin Uptake Inhibitor and an Antidepressant Drug: Twenty years Since Its First Publication," Eli Lilly and Company, 1995.

(13) "FDA Approves Color Change for Prozac 10-milligram Capsule," Eli Lilly and Company press release, June 2, 1995.

(14) James D. Hegarty, "Suicidal and Violent Behavior Associated with the Use of Fluoxetine," 1995.

(15) Rothbaum, B.O., Hodges, L.F., Kooper, R., Opdyke, D., Williford, J. and North, M.M. (1995). "Effectiveness of Computer-Generated (Virtual Reality) Graded Exposure in the Treatment of Acrophobia," American Journal of Psychiatry 152,4, pp. 626-628.

(16) ChemScope News, June 5, 1996.

(17) The Harvard Mental Health Letter, October and November 1994.

(18) Takahashi T., "A Persuasion Therapy for Panic Disorder in Old Japanese Medical Literature," Comprehensive Psychiatry 1993; 34(1):31-5.

(19) Correspondance with Stuart Shipko, MD.

(20) Derogatis L. R. & Wise, T. N., "Anxiety and Depressive Disorders in the Medical Patient," Washinton, DC, American Psychiatric Press, 1989

(21) Nathan G. Hale, "The Rise and Crisis of Pshychoanalysis in the United States"

(22) The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

(23) Kukumberg P., "Conceptual Aspects of Panic Disorders," March 20, 1996, Czech Republic

(24) Joseph Goldberg, MD, "Panic Disorder as a Chronic Illness," annual psychiatric convention (11/14/96)

(25) David V. Sheehan, MD, "The Anxiety Disease," Bantam Books, New York, NY, 1986

(26) Lawrence Paros, PhD, Daniel L. Kirsch, PhD, DAAPM, "Cranial Electrotherapy Stimulation (CES): A Very Safe and Effective Non-Pharmocological Treatment for Anxiety," CES Labs, Inc., 11230 75th Ave. N.E., Kirkland, WA. 98034, USA.

(27) Abigail Zuger, "Drug Companies Aim their Sales Pitch at Patients: 'Ask Your Doctor'," The New York Times Company, 1997.

(28) Mellman & Uhde, 1989a; Stein et al., 1993

(29) William D. Kernodle, MD, "Panic Disorder; The Medical Point of View," 4th Ed, 1997, Rand McNally Book Services Group, Chesterfield, VA, 23832

(30) Richard A. Gabriel, "No More Heros; Madness and Psychiatry in War," 1987

(31) Edward Shorter, "A History of Psychiatry; From the Era of the Asylum to the Age of Prozac," 1997

(32) Valerie Davis Raskin, MD, "When Words Are Not Enough; The Women's Prescription for Depression and Anxiety," 1997

(33) Walter C. Alvarez, MD, "Nervousness and Indigestion," 1967

(34) Kenneth C. Hyams, MD, MPH, F. Stephen Wignall, MD, Robert Roswell, MD, "War Syndromes and Their Evaluation: From the U.S. Civil War to the Persian Gulf War," Ann Intern Med 1996;125:398-405

(35) Henriette Kress, "Medicinal Herb FAQ," v.1.28, 27 Oct 1997,

(36) Michael H. Stone, MD, "Healing the Mind; A History of Psychiatry from Antiquity to the Present," 1997

(37) Jacques Bradwejn, MD FRCPC, and Eero Vasar, MD PhD, "Cholecystokinin and Anxiety; From Neuron to Behavior," 1995

(38) Michael D. Gershon, MD, "The Second Brain; The Scientific Basis of Gut Instinct and a Groundbreaking New Understanding of Nervous Disorders of the Stomach and Intestine," 1998

(39) Page Chichester, "A Hyphenated Life," 1995, Leisure Publishing Co.,

(40) Judith Herman, MD, "Trauma and Recovery; The aftermath of violence - from domestic abuse to political terror," BasicBooks, New York, NY, 1997

(41) Robert M. Sapolsky, "Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers; An Updated Guide to Stress, Stress-Related Diseases, and Coping," W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 1999

(42) Joseph LeDoux, "The Emotional Brain; The Mysterious Underpinnings of Emotional Life," Touchstone, New York, 1996

(43) Roy Porter, "Medicine, A History of Healing; Ancient Traditions to Modern Practices," The Ivy Press, New York, NY, 1997

(44) Jean Cooke, Ann Kramer, Theodore Rowland-Entwistle, "History's Timeline," Ward Lock Limited, London, 1981

(45) Bruce Shapiro,

(46) SSgt. Dave Spencer, "The Stress of Combat,"

(47) Peter J. Neville Havins, "The Spas of England," Robert Hale & Company, London, 1976.

(48) Douglas Hunt, MD, "No More Fears," Warner Books, New York, NY, 1988.

(49) Arthur Anderson, personal notes of news reports and media events.

(50) Simon Garfield, "Unhappy anniversary," The Observer, February 2, 2003,,6903,886841,00.html

(51) Arthur Anderson, events witnessed personally.

Anxiety-Panic History